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Students pursuing psychology dedicate a significant amount of time to studying Sigmund Freud's theories. But for people who are not familiar with psychology, psychoanalysis is a new term. This blog is for them to understand the basics of psychoanalysis.
So, let's start learning about Sigmund Freud, his ideas on human behaviour and personality (some of which may seem a little strange), and his role in creating and popularising talk therapy.
Psychoanalysis is a form of therapy that helps clients release pent-up or repressed emotions and memories and bring poignancy or healing. To put it in another way, psychoanalysis aims to convey what happens at the unconscious or subconscious level to enlightenment.
This purpose is achieved by interacting with another person’s lifequestions, important matters, and by delving into the complications that lie underneath the mind’s surface.
Psychosexual development was one of Freud's most well-known theories. Freud proposed that as children, we pass through various stages focused on erogenous zones. According to Freud, successful completion of these stages led to the creation of a healthy personality. However, dependency at any point prevents completion, resulting in the development of an unstable and fixated personality as an adult. While aspects of this theory are still used in contemporary psychoanalytical therapy, a more modern approach has gradually replaced it.
Freud later suggested that the human psyche could be divided into three parts: Id, Ego, and Superego, in his later work. In the 1920 essay "Beyond the Pleasure Principle," Freud explored this model and expanded in "The Ego and the Id." (1923).
According to Freud, these three sections of the mind are constantly at odds since each has a different primary objective. When a person's Ego senses that the conflict is too much for him or her to handle, it may activate one or more defensive mechanisms to defend the individual.
The defence mechanisms consist of:
The unconscious was fundamental to Freud's understanding of the mind. He claimed that most of what we feel daily occurs in the unconscious mind and is not visible. He used this idea to show thateven though a person does not recall anything painful that happened to them, it is stored in the unconscious. However, these memories remain present in the unconscious, and they can resurface in consciousness under some conditions, causing difficulties for us even when we are unconscious.
According to Freud, our conscious mind accounts for only a small part of our personalities since we are only aware of the iceberg's tip of what is going on in our heads. The preconscious or subconscious mind, according to Freud, is the third dimension of our psyche. While we are not fully aware of what is always in this part of the mind, we can retrieve information and memories from it when prompted. This is one of Sigmund Freud's most significant contributions, and it is still widely used in psychotherapy today.
If you enjoyed this piece and would like to read more about other famous psychologists throughout history, please contact us to inquire about our other psychology essays.
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